Wednesday, 17 June 2015

Pengertian dan Contoh Teks Narrative

Pelajaran Bahasa Inggris kali ini akan mengulas mengenai teks narrative. Text Narrative yaitu teks yang berfungsi untuk menceritakan kisah masa lampau dengan tujuan untuk menghibur. Tenses yang dipakai adalah simple past tense. Isi Narratuve text biasanya berisi tentang kisah khayalan dan nyata ataupun peristiwa-peristiwa yang mengarah ke suatu krisis di masa lampau, yang pada akhirnya menemukan/ menuju suatu penyelesaian.

Tujuan Komunikatif dari Narrative Text adalah untuk menghibur para pendengar atau pembaca. Struktur Narrative Text Struktur dari Narrative Text terdiri atas tiga bagian yakni sebagai berikut:

Orientation/ Pengenalan
Pada bagian ini atau pengenalan berisi tentang pengenalan para tokoh, waktu dan tempat atau latar kejadian dari suatu cerita.

Complication/ konflik
Pada bagian ini berisi tentang gambaran awal munculnya krisis atau masalah yang dialami oleh para tokoh pada cerita tersebut yang harus dipecahkan.

Pada bagian ini berisi tentang akhir dari cerita dan cara para tokoh dari cerita tersebut memecahkan masalah yang ada pada bagian Complication. biasanya bisa berakhir bahagia bisa juga sedih.

yaitu bagian terakhir dari struktur Text ini dan biasnya berisi perubahan yang terjadi pada tokoh dan pelajaran yang dapat dipetik utamanya nilai moral yang harus diambil dari cerita tersebut.

Ciri Kebahasaan Narrative:
  1. Mengunakan Action Verb dalam bentuk Past Tense. Misalnya : went, walked dsb.
  2. Menggunakan Nouns tertentu sebagai kata ganti orang, hewan dan benda tertentu dalam cerita. Misalnya : the king, the queen, the warrios dsb.
  3. Menggunakan Adjectives yang membentuk noun phrase. Misalnya : two bed girls, dsb
  4. Menggunakan Time Connectives dan Conjunctions untuk mengurutkan kejadian-kejadian. Misalnya : then, after, before, while, soon, dsb.
  5. Menggunakan Adverbs dan Adverbial Phrase untuk menunjukkan lokasi kejadian atau peristiwa. Misalnya : here, in the sea, dsb.
contoh Teks Narrative
Once upon a time in a great castle, there was a beautiful princess. She was very pretty, with blue eyes and long black hair. Her skin was delicate and white, and so she was called Snow White. Snow White had a step mother who was always jealous of Snow White's beauty. Her step mother too was very beautiful, and the magic mirror told her this every day, whenever she asked it.
One day, the step mother asked the magic mirror who the loveliest lady in the land was and the magic mirror answered Snow White was the loveliest in the land. The step mother was very mad. Then he asked her trusty servants to take Snow White into the forest, far away from the Castle and killed her. But the servant didn't kill Snow White, He led the innocent little girl away.
In the forest, little Snow White was alone and scared. She didn't know where she should go. But suddenly she saw a small strange cottage. She wondered who lived there, then she entered the cottage.
Inside the cottage, there was 7 beds and a kitchen. Snow White was to tired to explore the cottage, and suddenly fallen a sleep. In the afternoon, the seven dwarfs who lived in the cottage, came home. They surprised to see there was a young lady there. One dwarf woke her up and asked who was she. Snow White told them her sad story. The seven dwarfs understood the feeling of Snow White and asked her to live with them in the cottage.
Meanwhile in the castle, the servant came back and told to the step mother that Snow White was killed. Then the step mother asked the magic mirror once again who the loveliest in the land was and still the magic mirror answered the Snow White who lived in the small cottage with seven dwarfs was the loveliest one in the land. So the step mother was angry and she planed something bad to Snow White.
Then the step mother disguising herself as an old women who sold a basket of poisoned apples and went to the cottage. In the cottage, the seven dwarfs warned Snow White to not open the door to the stranger.
The step mother finally arrived to the cottage and began to offer Snow White an apple. Snow White refused to open the door but the step mother kept persuade and finally Snow White opened the door and brought an apple then he ate it. So Snow White fallen down with the poisoned apple beside her.
In the afternoon, when the seven dwarfs came home, they were surprised with Snow White who laid down on the floor with pale face and a poisoned apple beside her. The seven dwarfs were sad seeing the Snow White was dying but not die yet. Then the seven dwarfs decided to make a beautiful bed made from a crystal coffin to make Snow White keep alive.
Day by day, the seven dwarfs waited for the miracle came when Snow White suddenly woke up. Then one day, there was a wanderer who actually a prince from far away kingdom saw a beautiful lady was laid down on crystal bed. The wanderer asked the dwarfs what was happened and the dwarfs told him the story.
Heard the Snow White's story, the princes decided to carry her to his Castle and asked the doctor to help her. Then the prince kissed her to show his intention. But suddenly Snow White was back to life. The fact was that the prince's kiss broke the spell. Then the prince asked Snow White to marry him.
From that day on, Snow White lived happily in a great castle. But from time to time, she was drawn back to visit the little cottage down in the forest.

Once upon a time, there lived an unhappy young girl with her stepmother and two step sisters who didn't like her. All the nice things, kind thought and loving touches were for her own daughters. But, for the poor unhappy girl, there was nothing at all. For she had to work hard all day, and only when evening came was she allowed to sit for a while by the fire, near the cinders. That is how she got her nickname, for everybody called her Cinderella.
It was quite true. Cinderella, even dressed in rags with a dusty gray face from the cinders, was a lovely girl. While her stepsisters, no matter how splendid and elegant their clothes, were still clumsy, lumpy, and ugly.
One day, a ball was to be held by the royal family of the kingdom to find the prince's spouse. Cinderella's stepsisters ordered beautiful new dress for the ball. Cinderella wanted to go to the ball but her stepmother asked her to stay at home.
"You? My dear girl, you're staying at home to wash the dishes, scrub the floor and turn down the beds for your stepsisters. They will come home tired and very sleepy." asked her stepmother.
Cinderella only nodded her head and began to work. Suddenly something amazing happened. In the kitchen, where Cinderella was sitting all by herself, there was a burst of light and a fairy appeared.
"Don't be afraid Cinderella, I know what you feel, my dear. Do you want to go to ball?" asked the fairy.
"Yes, I do. But look! How can I go to the ball with this dress? Cinderella replied.
Then the fairy turned Cinderella's dress became the most beautiful dress and with beautiful slippers, the loveliest ever seen in the realm. The fairy also turned a pumpkin into a parking coach and turned the mice become six white horses.
"Now, you can go to the Court and go to the ball. But remember my dear Cinderella, you must leave the ball at midnight and come home. For that is when the spell ends. Your coach will turn back into a pumpkin, the horses will become mice and you will be dressed again in rags with clogs.
At the ballroom, Cinderella amazed everybody there include the prince. When the prince set eyes on Cinderella, he was stuck by her beauty. Walking over to her, he bowed deeply and asked her to dance. Cinderella had a wonderful time at the ball. But, all of a sudden, she heard the sound of a clock, the first stroke of midnight.
Remembered what the fairy had said, Cinderella ran back to the coach and went home. But he lost one of her slippers in ballroom. The prince who was now madly in love with her, picked up her slipper and would search for the girl whose foot fitted with the slipper.
In the next morning, the prince began to search everywhere in the kingdom but no girl whose foot fitted with the slipper. Until he found Cinderella house and asked Cinderella's stepsisters to wear the slipper. But none fitted with the slipper. The prince began hopeless.
"Is there any girl else here" Asked the prince.
"Yes, there are. But she is very ugly and I think she is not the girl that you are looking for." replied Cinderella's stepmother.
"Call her here!" Asked the prince.
Then Cinderella's stepmother called Cinderella to come out who was dressed in rags and wore clogs like usual. The prince began to wear the slipper into Cinderella foot, and it was fit.
The prince believed that Cinderella was the girl he met in the ball. Then the prince asked Cinderella to marry him. And at the end, Cinderella and the prince lived happily ever after in the kingdom.

Pengertian dan Contoh Teks Narrative Rating: 4.5 Diposkan Oleh: Oim Abdul Rohim